Lower Case z

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter z and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• Three pencils (or colored pencil crayons, or pens)
• A piece of paper

What to do:

1. Use three pencils to create a letter z on the table (one horizontal at the bottom, one diagonal from bottom left to top right, and one placed horizontally on top).
2. Tell your child that this is the small letter z and that the sound it makes is ‘zuh’.
3. Ask them to look at the sculpture you have made with the pencils and ask them to try to mimic it and draw their own letter z.
4. Have your child draw a few more ‘z’s on the paper. You can show your child that the difference between the upper case Z and the lower case z is a matter of size.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case z right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter Z.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the small letter z on a piece of paper surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the letter z.

Lower Case y

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter y and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• A pencil
• A piece of paper
• A yellow crayon

What to do:

1. Draw the letter y on the paper and show it to your child. You can demonstrate how the letter y looks like the letter v with a tail (of a kite?) attached to it.
2. Tell them that it’s the small letter y and that the sound it makes is ‘yuh’. You can also mention that at the end of a word, y makes the sound ‘eee’, as in ‘play’.
3. Ask them to repeat you and ask them to try to draw their own ‘y’s. If they need more guidance, draw some lines on the paper where they can draw the letter y or use lined paper.
4. Tell your child that the word ‘yellow’ starts with the letter y. Draw some yellow ‘y’s on the paper, and the word ‘yellow’ beneath them to show them the letter’s place in the word.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case y right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter Y.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the small letter y on a piece of paper surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the letter y.

Lower Case x

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter x and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• A piece of paper
• A crayon

What to do:

1. Make an x with you arms and ask your child if they know what letter you are making with your gesture.
2. Write a lower case x on your paper.
3. Tell your child that it is the lower case letter x and it sounds like ‘ks’. You can show them that a letter x looks like two crossed lines, and show them how you can make an x gesture with your arms or fingers.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case x right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter X.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the small letter x on a piece of paper surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the letter x.

Lower Case w

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter w and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• A cup of fresh water
• A piece of paper
• A crayon

What to do:

1. Ask your child to take a sip of water. Ask them what it is they have just drunk.
2. Ask them if they know what letter the word ‘water’ starts with.
3. Tell your child that it is the lowercase letter w and it sounds like ‘wuh’.
4. Draw a lower case w on the paper and ask your child to make a w too.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case w right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter W.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the small letter w on a piece of paper surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the letter w.

Lower Case v

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter v and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• Some colorful finger paint
• Freezer paper or another type of finger painting paper

What to do:

1. Using the finger paint, draw a lower case v on the paper.
2. Tell your child that it is the lowercase letter v and it sounds like ‘vuh’.
4. Ask your child to paint a vase. Explain to them that it starts with the letter ‘v’. If you have violet finger paint, your child can paint the vase violet, and you can explain that the word ‘violet’ also starts with the letter v.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case v right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter V.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the small letter v on a piece of paper surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the letter v.

Lower Case u

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter u and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• Some pudding
• Freezer paper or plastic film that you can easily clean or throw away after use

What to do:

1. Using the pudding like finger paint, paint a lowercase u on the freezer paper.
2. Tell your child that the letter is the lowercase letter u and it sounds like ‘yoo’ or ‘uh’.
3. Ask your child to paint a lowercase u with the pudding as well.
4. Let your child eat the rest of the pudding after they are done painting letters with it.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case u right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter U.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the small letter u on a piece of paper surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the letter u.

Lower Case t

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter t and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• A wipe board
• A dry erase (not permanent) marker

What to do:

1. Draw the letter t on the wipe board and ask your child to repeat its name.
2. Ask them to try to draw the capital letter t on the wipe board. Guide their hand to help them write it. Show them how the t looks like a vertical line crossed by a smaller horizontal line.
3. Write “top” on the wipe board and circle the T. Explain to them how it makes the sound ‘tuh’.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case t right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter T.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the small letter t on the wipe board surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the letter t.

Lower Case s

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter s and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• A piece of paper
• Some different colored crayons

What to do:

1. Draw the number 6 on a piece of paper.
2. Write the word six next to it. Circle the letter ‘s’.
3. Tell your child it is the letter s and makes the sound ‘sss’.
4. Ask your child to practice drawing the lower case s with different colored crayons.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case s right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter S.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the small letter s on a piece of paper surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the letter s.

Lower Case r

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter r and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• A chalk board (a portable one is good)
• Some colored chalk

What to do:

1. Draw the lower case letter r on the chalk board.
2. Tell your child it is the letter r and makes the sound ‘rrrr’. You can write some words on the board to demonstrate, like ‘run’ and ‘robot’.
3. Ask your child to practice drawing a few lower case letter ‘r’s on the chalk board with different colored sticks of chalk.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case r right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter R.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the small letter r on a piece of paper surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the letter r.

Lower Case q

Goal

At the end of the lesson your child will be able to recognize the lower case letter q and say its name.

Time requirement

20 minutes.

Pre-kindergarten – Kindergarten

Introductory activity

What you will need:

• A wipe board
• Some colored erasable (not permanent) markers

What to do:

1. Draw the lower case letter q on the wipe board.
2. Tell your child it is the letter q and makes the sound ‘kuh’, or ‘qwuh’ when it is written with a u, as in the word ‘queen’.
3. Ask them to draw a few lower case qs in different colors on the board.

Challenge

If your child learns the lower case q right away, have them work on the supplemental worksheets for the letter Q.

Reinforcement activity

Print out the attached worksheet. Ask your child to complete the worksheet by themselves. Feel free to help out if they get stuck or ask any questions.

Evaluation

In order to see if your child has achieved the goal of this lesson, write the letter q on a piece of paper surrounded by other letters. Ask your child to look at the group of letters and pick out the small letter q.